Discover the Architectural Elegance at Agra Fort
1. Jahangiri Mahal
This was the chief Zenana palace or the palace for females of the Royal family which was mainly occupied by the Akbar's Rajput wives. An impressive entrance leads to the inner courtyard with grand halls on all the sides. The walls are covered with intricate carvings with heavily fashionable brackets, cross beams and piers. During the Akbari Period, it was the most important part of the fort.
Built in the year 1636 to 1637 by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, Diwan-i-Khas is a small hall with twin marble columns decorated with Pietra dura. This was the place where foreign ambassadors and other eminent guests were received. There are two marble thrones in the front of the hall. Underneath the terrace lies the Machchi Bhawan where harem functions were organized. There is a small mosque on the other side that Aurangzeb had built for Shahjahan.
This was the place where Shahjahan met the common masses and his officials and listened to their petitions. The arches of Diwan-i-Aam are coated with white lime and polished to a smooth finish. Shahjahanâ€™s legendary peacock throne is kept here that once was inset with precious stones including the famous Koh-i-Noor. The Moti Masjid is in the north, whose three domes of white marble raise their heads over the wall made of red sandstone. The Moti Masjid is famous for its perfect propositions and absolute magnificence.
4. Khas Mahal
Khas Mahal was built by Shahjahan and represents the Mughal Architecture of the later era. This is an airy structure that overlooks the Angoori Bagh or the grape garden. The windows have an intricately carved stone screen or jali which gives an amazing view of the riverfront. The garden is surrounded by the residential quarters for women on three sides. There is a Sheesh Mahal which is the Royal Hammam or Royal bath, adorned by countless glass pieces and a central fountain.
5. Musamman Burj
This is the most romantic and ornamental gazebo where the two most beautiful queens, Noorjahan (Jahangirâ€™s chief Queen) and Mumtaz Mahal (Shahjahanâ€™s chief queen) lived. The pietra dura decoration here is the most magnificent and nearly perfect. Here Shahjahan spent the last few years of his life held captive by Aurangzeb, pining and died looking at the Taj Mahal.
How to Get Tickets?
Agra Fort tickets can be obtained from the ticket counter at the Amar Singh Gate of the fort itself. Queues are long and purchasing tickets take a lot of time. You can also get the tickets online from this website.
How To Get Around?
Agra Fort is not far from the city center. A regular bus service operates from Power House bus stand which is cheap but crowded. Agra fort has a railway station of its own. You can take a rickshaw from here and reach the fort complex in no time. The Agra airport is around 8 kilometers from the Agra fort and the fort can be reached through a car or a taxi.
What Should I Wear?
This world-famous destination is a little conservative when it comes to clothing. It is better to dress appropriately than being catcalled or stared at. Summers in Agra are extremely hot and dry. Cotton is the best material to be worn during this time. Pack cotton trousers, Capris, full sleeved shirts, and loose kurtis. Wear strong shoes that would aid in walking and also save you from insect bites and dust. The temperature is extremely low in winters so carry warm clothing like sweaters, hooded jackets, woolen scarves etc if you are travelling to the city in winters.
Best Time to Visit
The best time to visit Agra is from November till March. The weather is most pleasant and favorable for sightseeing and walking. This is also the peak tourist season.
Will I Need a Guide?
You do not need a guide. Transportation is easy and all the required information is provided on this website.
How To Get There?
Currently, there are no commercial flights departing from the Kheria Airport in Agra. Agra is expected to see better air services in near future. With the opening of the 165 km Yamuna Expressway, it has become easier to reach Agra from Delhi and Noida. Luxury Coaches use this route to reach Delhi faster. Agra Cantonment and Agra Fort railway stations connect Agra with all the major Indian Cities.
Do not carry any valuables. The ones you have must be kept in safe deposits boxes in your hotels. In order to avoid getting robbed by pickpockets, keep all your cash and cellphones in an inside pocket of your bag.