Australian War Memorial is a national memorial to its armed forces who participated in wars involving the Commonwealth of Australia and other conflicts prior to Federation.
Visit one of the best landmark in Australia, the Australian War Memorial
The history of Australian War Memorial
The idea to make a museum memorial for the Australian soldiers was said in 1916 by Charles Bean, the official historian of the first World War, while he was observing the battles in France. A record section then was established in May 1917 to preserve the records related to the wars that happened during that time. The records were exhibited as well in Melbourne and Canberra. Then, in 1927, two Sydney architects created a joint design after failed to win an architecture competition held in the same year. However, during that time, the budget was limited and Australia was suffering from the Great Depression. The building of the memorial was finally completed in 1941, after the outbreak of the Second World War and the Remembrance Day Ceremony that falls on 11 November. In 1993, the Tomb of the Unknown Australian Soldier was added to mark the 75th anniversary of the end of the First World War.
The Roll of Honour
Located in the heart of the building is the Roll of Honour. In this roll is where the records of the Australian armed forces member who died in wars and certain peacetime operations kept. The roll is made as bronze panels and contains the personal particulars, unit and the date of death of each person. Some records also has more information, including the cause and place of death, and the memorial details. Apart from the member of the armed units, Australians may be included in the records if the subject died during the First and Second World Wars, or during the post-1945 conflicts. Until now, the records have listed more than 102.000 names, and the list is still enhanced with further research and other sources.
Commemorative Roll is a record similar to the Roll of Honour that was made for people who were not part of armed forces in Australia. In order to be recorded in the Commemorative Roll, the subject must be Australian that died as a result to identical with the conflicts or operations included in the Roll of Honour. The subject must also a part of certain Australian organizations. Same with the Roll of Honour, this roll contains the personal particulars, unit, and the date of death of each person and may also contain more detail like the cause of death, place of death, and cemetery or memorial details. The Commemorative Roll can be seen as a book in the Memorial's Commemorative area, as a database that can be accessed through the official website, or as a list of names on the Merchant Seaman's Memorial.
11 November is an important date for the Australian War Memorial, as it is celebrated to mark the end of the First World War. Australia was also taking a lot of casualties during the war, with more than 12.000 people died in 1918, and more than 60.000 Australians who served overseas died after the four years of war. This is why at this date, at 11 AM, people in Australia will have a minute of silence. The ceremony in the Australian War Memorial will be held with the formal wreath laying and parade. Public can also join and see the ceremony, but they must reserve a ticket in advance.
Anzac Day is an annual event held on the Australian War Memorial every April 25. Every year, thousands of people will come to the site to pay tribute to those who have served for the country. Visitors can also join the event, starting from the Dawn Service held at 5.30 AM. After that, the Anzac Day Breakfast held in the Memorial Anzac's Hall at 6.30 AM. In this event, there will be speeches and presentations from special guests. If you don't want to join the breakfast, you can join the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commemorative Ceremony. Then, there will be the National Ceremony with the wreath laying, a minute of silence, hymns, and other ceremonial rituals. Lastly is the Last Post Ceremony to mark the end of the event that is held at 4.55 PM.
How to Get Tickets?
The Australian War Memorial can be visited every day except on Christmas Day, and there is no entrance fee. However, if you want to join special events like the Anzac Day, then you will need to book tickets online in advance because there are limited seats for the events.
How To Get Around?
To get around, you will have to go by foot. Wheelchairs and strollers are also available for free loan. If you are bringing large bags, you will have to put it in the locker as you are not allowed to bring large bags for safety reason.
What Should I Wear?
There is no recommendation on what to wear to visit the Australian War Memorial. However, as the place is used to commemorate people who died, you might consider to wear proper and comfortable clothes.
Best Time to Visit
It is better to visit the Australian War Memorial during special events, as this will allow you to see the ceremony held by the government. However, take note that there are a lot of people who want to see the ceremony as well so it can be very packed.
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Will I Need a Guide?
There are maps, brochures, and tour information that you can get for free at the front desk. However, if you want a guided tour, then you can ask the volunteers to guide you. The good thing is that you can choose the duration of the tour as well to match your schedule.
How To Get There?
To reach the site, you can use the Transport Canberra bus and stop on Limestone Avenue. You can also use route 10 in weekdays or route 910 in weekends to get to the place. If you are bringing your own car, you can only park for 4 hours.