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Borobudur Temple: The Majestic Charms of One of 7 Wonders of the World
The main attraction inside Borobudur Archaelogical Complex is obviously the temple itself. Borobudur Temple is a Mahayana-Buddhist temple built during Sailendra Dynasty in 9th Century. It is one of the prime example of acculturation between indigenous Javanese religious cult and Buddhist concept in attaining Nirvana. It also combine the influences of India's Gupta art concept and elements of local culture. Borobudur Temple is absolutely stunning with its delicate stupas and hundreds of reliefs were carved around the temple. Each platforms representing stages in human's life before they attained Nirvana. The base platform is supposed to be a representation of Kamadhatu (The World of Desires), or a world where humans are binded with worldly desires, Rupadhatu (The World of Forms) where humans start to seek something beyond material desires, and finally Arupadhatu, the highest stage of meditation before humans finally reached enlightment and ascend to Nirvana. The hollow central stupa is a symbol of 'Nothingness'. Some of the reliefs also tells a story of Queen Maya's premonition dream that she received before the birth of Prince Siddharta. They also depicts Prince Siddharta's journey to reach enlightment.
Karmawibhangga Museum is a place you should go after you visit Borobudur Temple, where you can learn more about the temple's history through collections of more than 4,000 original stone carvings, relics, and artefacts being displayed in this archaelogy museum. One of the museum's highlight is the photography of Karmawibhangga bas reliefs. The reliefs were located on the base of Borobudur Temple depicting three zones of consciousness according to Buddhism, that is also known as 'Kamadhatu' or 'Desire Realm '. It displays the illustration of cause and effect from human's actions. Depictions of Hell and people tortured inside it for bad deeds they did when they were alive can be seen here, as well praiseworthy activities such as pilgrimage and charity and their subsequent rewards. Another main highlight in Karmawibhangga Museum that is also related closely to Borobudur Temple is the Unfinished Buddha statue. You'll understand why it is called so because due to its disproportionate features. The hands are not carved, with the right arm is longer than the left, one side of its shoulder is also bigger than the other, many argued that the statue was purposely done that way to depict transcendent spiritual state. But even until now, the exact reason of why the Buddha statue was left unfinished remain mystery. The Buddha statue was found inside the hollow central stupa buried by dirt accumulated inside before it was discovered during restoration project in 1907 by Theodore Van Erp.
Another historical museum that is located within Borobudur Archaelogical Complex is Samudra Raksa Museum. Established in 2005 by Alwi Shihab the Coordinating Minister of Indonesia, the maritime museum display hundreds of record revolving around the past glory of Indonesia as a mighty maritime country. You can also find explanations about ancient Indian Ocean Maritime Trade called as 'The Cinnamon Route' involving Indonesia, Madagascar, and East Africa. One of the most interesting piece being put on display in this museum is a full-scale Borobudur Ship that sailed in the 8th Century. It sailed through several voyages, even few years ago it was used in a successful voyage from Indonesia to Madagscar and Ghana from 2003 to 2004. Borobudur Ship gained its name from its own construction that was inspired by a 25-meter wooden ship relief on Borobudur Temple.
How to Get Tickets?
Most travel agencies offer traveling packages to Borobudur Temple that can also be paired with a tour to Candi Prambanan. Entry ticket to Karmawibhangga Museum and Samudra Raksa Museum are included inside entry ticket to Borobudur Temple. It's much easier to book the tickets in advance to avoid long lineups, especially since Borobudur Temple will be crowded in weekends and holidays.
How To Get Around?
Your travel agency will provide you with a rental car to go around Borobudur Temple and its surrounding attractions. You can also take a tour to other temples located nearby, such as Candi Prambanan and Candi Mendut by cars.
What Should I Wear?
Borobudur Temple is like a giant stone pyramids with giant steps so be sure to wear clothes that enable you to move freely. Dresses are definitely an NG, you can opt to wear long denim pants or trousers instead. While there's no strict regulation regarding of what you should wear, it's best to wear something modest, such as long-sleeved shirt and long jeans. Don't forget to wear comfortable walking shoes and be careful on your steps!
Best Time to Visit
Best time to visit Borobudur Temple is either early in the morning or few hours before sunset. Not only you'll get to watch spectacular view of sunrise and sunset, the weather will be much cooler by then so it is much more comfortable to go around.
Will I Need a Guide?
A guide is not necessary since all informations you need is right here in this website.
How To Get There?
Borobudur Temple is not exactly located in Yogyakarta, it 's actually located in the neighborhood city Magelang. There are two ways you can use to reach the temple. First one is by a taxi, that will takes you directly to your destination though the fare will be much more expensive. The second one is by taking a 2B TransYogyakarta Bus with a route to Jombor Bus Stop. From the bus stop take another bus with route to Borobudur Temple that will takes for about 1 hour-journey.
Always prepare correct money amounts if you go to Borobudur Temple by bus. Some drivers might not have spare changes, so bringing loose money will make things easier for you and for them.