This old botanic garden in Europe has its own attraction by presenting the Victoria amazonica and the exchange plants which has been done from over 400 years ago can be seen in the Japanese Gardens.
The First Botanic Gardens in Europe : Botanical Gardens
1. Japanese Garden
400 years ago, on April 1600, Japan and Netherlands met when the Dutch ship was stranded on the Japanese coast. This first meeting became the starting point of the great exchange between Japan and Netherlands, although sometimes it was a difficult exchange for these two countries since they had different cultures. In botanical, there are big amount of knowledge and plants that has been exchanged. This garden is an honour for Dr. Philipp Franz von Siebold who has conducted a botanical research in Japan. Also, the statue of Von Siebold is presented in this garden.
2. Clusius Garden
Visiting the old gardens in Botanical Gardens area is a must thing to do at Botanical Gardens. This garden is smaller than the original gardens before it has a reconstruction. It is also smaller because the maintance of modern equipment and the large amount of visitors so it requires more space. The hedges and the fences of ths garden was designed by Vreedeman de Vries in 1583 and he emphasizes on the enclosed character of 'Hortus conclusus.' In this garden you can see more that 1585 plants that are used for pharmacist purposes. The plants are not only medical herbs, they are also the exotics and the ornamental plants.
3. Victoria Glasshouses
Another thing to do at Botanical Gardens is visting the Victoria Glasshouse. The house presents a giant waterlily Victoria amazonica which becomes the popular plants in Botanical Gardens. In Victoria Glasshouses, the green shades and various leaves form a diversity of flowers backdrop such as orchids, exotic arums and the Victoria amazonica. The Victorica amazonica was found at 1801 in Brazil and it brought to Botanical Garden at 1872. It is believed that Victoria amazonica only flowers once a year, but it is not true.When all conditions are met, it can form a new flower.Come to this garden to see it by yourself.
How to Get Tickets?
The Botanical Gardens ticket is divided into some categories: Regular/€7,50, Children 4-12 years and CJP/€3, Museumkaart; Leiden University students/free, Leiden University staff and students from other universities, MBO and HBO (student pass)/€2, Groups (from 15 persons)/€6. You can buy the Botanical Garden ticket on the spot or in this site. You can also join the guided tours offered by the garden which are available in Dutch, English, German and French and the duration is around 1 hour.
How To Get Around?
You can take a stroll to get around the gardens. The museum bus is also available to take you around the city.
What Should I Wear?
Wearing clothes depend on the weather is the best thing to do at Botanical Garden. In summer, it is better to wear a cool clothes since you are going to visit the outside area of the garden.
Best Time to Visit
You can visit Botanical Garden anytime you want. There is a 'Plant Eater' exhibition on April to October. Visiting the exhibition can be the best thing to do at Botanical Garden.
Will I Need a Guide?
No, transportation is easy and everything can be found in this site. Various means of transportation are easy to be found and you can ask for free map of the city at Leiden Visitors Centre. You can visit this place without a guide and do all things to do at Botanical Garden on your own.
How To Get There?
Public transportations are available to take you there. You can take train which is only 15 minutes walk from the Leiden central station to the Botanical Gardens. If you want to use bus, the best thing to do at Botanical Gardens is take the Museum Bus. The bus line 1 will stop at Paterstraat bus stop, from there walk across the bridge, straight forward until you reach the courtyard. In the glass building you'll find the entrance to the garden.
Public drunkenness is not allowed.