The Colosseum was commissioned by Emperor Vespasian of Flavian Dynasty in AD 72 as a gift to Romans.
Experience the Power of the Great Roman Culture at the Colosseum
The Hypogeum is a two-story underground labyrinth of tunnels connecting various rooms. It consisted of training rooms of the gladiators, animal cages, and also had rooms where slaves, prisoners, gladiators and stage decorations were kept. It was previously covered by the arena floor which was made of wood and covered with sand to soak the bloodshed caused during the fights. But the floor is now destroyed, and you can see the hypogeum. There are guided tours too that take you to the hypogeum. Elevators were used to bring the animals and others upon the arena floor.
The third tier provides you with the most incredible views of the entire site and its surroundings. It is not accessible to the general public and hence you will have to book a tour that includes the visit to the third tier.
Arch of Constantine
The Arch of Constantine was built to commemorate the triumph of Emperor Constantine in the battle of the Milvian Bridge in 312. Standing beside the Colosseum, at the height of 21 meters, the arch of Constantine is the largest preserved triumphal arch of the Roman era. It is decorated with reliefs and scenes taken from earlier times of Constantine including boar hunt and sacrifice of Apollo.
How to Get Tickets?
There are various guided tours available at Colosseum which you can opt for. If you do not wish to take the guided tour, then you can buy a ticket at the Colosseum entrance which will cost you 12 Euro. However, there would be a long queue at the entrance ticket counter. If you wish to skip the line, then buy a ticket in advance from Palatine Hill. You can also buy a Roma pass which you can use to visit the Colosseum and other sites of Rome. If none of the above options suits you then you can go for online booking through this website.
Best Time to Visit
The Colosseum opens every day at 8:30 am except on the Christmas and the New Year's Eve and closes at sundown which may vary as per the season. The best time to visit it would be in low months from November to February when the crowd is less. The monument is pretty much crowded from March to October and summers should be avoided as it is quite hot during the day. To enjoy a peaceful tour, visit it early morning when the Colosseum opens or an hour before its closing time.
Will I Need a Guide?
You can explore the Colosseum on your own, but your access will be limited to certain regions. If you wish to visit the hypogeum or the third tier, a guided tour is a must. Besides it, the guide will be your best aid in exploring the large structure and learning about its past and present.
How To Get There?
Being a prime tourist destination, The Colosseum is easily accessible. You can take a bus ride to the place. There are numerous buses that have a stop near the Colosseum. Also, you can take the train from Termini Station on underground line B to the Colosseum stop. Parking facilities are available near the monument. Hence you can also reach the place by car. A tram ride is also an option.
As the place is generally crowded keep a check on your wallet. There would be numerous vendors selling just anything and they do not easily take no for an answer. Hence be firm with them and keep walking. Also, for security reasons, your baggage will be checked at the entrance. Heavy bags are not allowed inside the monuments.