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Fort Vredeburg Museum
Feel Indonesians' Patriotism Spirit in Fort Vredeburg Museum
The moment you arrived in front of the fort's entrance gate, you'll notice something rather extraordinary from the building. There are no super tall walls typically found in classic fortress style. There's actually a deeper meaning behind the fort's design, that is to avoid any sorts of suspicions and rejections from Yogyakarta people upon Dutch's arrival to the city. The fort was built in non-hostile way to assure Sultan Hamengkubuwono I and his people that the Dutch colonials harbor no malicious intents. Fort Vredeburg Museum itself was built under request of Dutch's representative Nicolas Haarting as an effort to help keeping Kraton Yogyakarta safe. The fort was soon built on a plot of land that given by Sultan. Hence, the name 'Fort Vredeburg' was born to signify peaceful non-threatening state between the Dutch colonials and the NgaYogyakarta Sultanage. The original fortress was actually a simple fort made of wood from a coconut tree, palm tree, covered with reeds as its roof. Not until W.H. Ossenberch came to the picture replacing Haart and managed to convince the Sultan to construct the fort permanently. Ir. Frans Haak, the Dutch's expert in architecture supervised the construction and four tall bastions called Jayawisesa, Jayapurusa, Jayaprakosaning, and Jayaprayitna were erected on each corner of the fort's building.
One of the main highlights in Fort Vredeburg Museum is obviously its diorama rooms. Four main buildings inside the fort are used as display rooms for various dioramas, depicting various events that happened before, during, and after Indonesia's independency. Diorama Room I consists of 11 minirama depicting the struggles of Prince Diponegoro and his troops against Dutch colonials up until Japanese troops occupation in Yogyakarta. Meanwhile the Diorama Room 2 display 19 miniramas depicting big historical events from Dutch military aggression to Indonesia's Independence Proclamation by the First President Soekarno. Post-Independence events can be seen in Diorama Room 3 which depicts events starting from Renville Agreement to the recognition of the sovereignity of the Republic of the United States of Indonesia. Diorama Room 4 display 7 minirama revolving various events happened between RIS period until New Order. Dioramas displayed in the museum are not all about bloody struggles and guerilla wars though! There's one section dedicated to other historical moments, such as the birth of Muhammadiyah and also the establishment of Taman Siswa by Father of Indonesians Education, Ki Hajar Dewantara. You can also visit the multimedia movie room where you can watch historical events behind the fort's establishment. You can even climb on the fortress wall and view breathtaking scenery of Yogyakarta from above.
How to Get Tickets?
You can purchase an entrance ticket to Fort Vredeburg Museum on the spot, for only Rp10,000. Please keep in mind that they only receive payment with Indonesia's currency.
How To Get Around?
Fort Vredeburg Museum is quite extensive and the only way to go around the fort museum is on foot. Wearing a pair of comfortable walking shoes is a mandatory.
What Should I Wear?
Wear the most comfortable light-weight clothes and don't forget to wear a hat, since the open-area can be too hot during the day. Tank tops are okay, but you might want to refrain from wearing hotpants as it might attract unwanted attentions or disapproving looks. The most important thing is to wear the most comfortable walking shoes as you will have to walk a lot.
Best Time to Visit
Best time to visit Fort Vredeburg Museum is obviously in the afternoon. The weather will be much cooler but still warm, and there will be less heat so you can explore even the open areas and the fortress walls in peace.
Will I Need a Guide?
No, you can find most important informations in this website. You can also find much more detailed informations about the fort and the dioramas in English.
How To Get There?
Fort Vredeburg Museum is within walking distance from Malioboro Street. You can also reach the fort museum by taking TransYogyakarta Bus Line 1A, 2A, or 3A that will drops you at Gedung Agung Shelter, the fort museum is located just across the building. You can also take the city bus Line 4, 10, 18, and 19.