The Guaita fortress is the oldest of the three towers constructed on Monte Titano, and the most famous. It was built in the 11th century and served briefly as a prison. It is one of the three towers depicted on both the national flag and coat of arms. It was registered as one of the World Heritage Sites in 2008.
Climb To The First Tower In San Marino
1. Take A Walk Around The Tower
After getting your Guaita ticket, go to the entrance and you will find the baroque coat-of-arms. The baroque coat-of-arms in stone situated over the entrance is that of the Republic and dates back to the 1600's, before that it belonged to the Palazzo Pubblico (Public Palace). This remote fortress watches over the fifth smallest country in the world, and its internal wall stops at the Bell Tower on one side and the Pinnacle Tower on the other, where these elements were built centuries later. When you reach the courtyard, you will be amazed by its beauty and history.In the courtyard can be seen some pieces of artillery from World War II.
2. Cesta Tower
Cesta is located in 7 minutes walk from Guaita, at the highest point of the Mount Titano (760 m). It was built in the 13th century. The panoramic views from here are great, however your Guita ticket doesn't include entrance fee to this tower. The central part is shaped pentagon as well as the other two citadels. A museum to honor Saint Marinus, created in 1956, is located in this tower and showcases over 1,550 weapons dating from the medieval era to the modern day. It was constructed in the 13th century on the remains of an older Roman fort.
3. Montale Tower
Montale is the smallest of the three peaks of Monte Titano. The tower on the peak was constructed in the 14th century. Unlike the other two towers constructed on the mount, Montale is not open to the public. It is one of the three towers depicted on both the national flagand coat of arms of San Marino. It is thought to have been constructed to give protection against the increasing power of the Malatestafamily in that region. It was also used as a prison, and accordingly, the only entrance to the tower is a door about seven metres from ground level, which was common for prison architecture of the time. Visiting Montale Tower is a must thing to do at Guaita. However, your Guita ticket doesn't include entrance fee to this tower. You can purchase the combination ticket if you want to see this tower during your Guaita tour.
How to Get Tickets?
The Guaita ticket can be purchased when you arrive at the tower. As mentioned above, there are three towers on Monte Titano including Guaita, but they all have different entrance fee. If you wish to visit all three of them, we suggest you to purchase the combination ticket.
How To Get Around?
Guaita tour can be done by hiking and walking. It is not accessible by wheelchair and you have to make sure you are fit enough to climb to the top of Monte Titano to see all the towers.
What Should I Wear?
Wear comfortable clothes and bring jacket (depending on the weather) as Guaita is located on the top of the mountain. If you go in the summer, bring sunscreen to protect your skin. Comfortable shoes are recommended as you need to walk to the top.
Best Time to Visit
You can visit Guaita any time you're in San Marino, summer being the peak tourist season. Winter can be a better time to visit if you want to avoid tourists. That being said, there's no bad time to go. It does get really busy towards lunchtime with people, so go early to get access quickly to all of the main sites.
Will I Need a Guide?
You will not need a service of tour guides to enjoy the things to do at Guaida. You can read everything about it online and find useful informations on this website.
How To Get There?
There are many roads throughout San Marino as well as bus and taxi services that offer a ride to Guaita. Check the bus line on the city's tourist website or simply take an uber / taxi from your hotel to Guaita.
There are a number of restaurants and small kiosks around but you'll be paying tourist prices. Take snacks for kids and bring plenty of drinking water. If you purchase Multimuseum ticket of San Marino, you will get free access to all three towers in Guaita.