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Karnak or also known as Karnak Open Air Museum is a complex which contains many ancient temples, chapels, pylons, and other buildings. Karnak was the main place of worship of the eighteenth dynasty with the god Amun as their prior god. Inside the complex, there are many sacred places for the Thebes such as Precinct of Amun-Ra, Precinct of Mut, Precinct of Montu, and many others. Located on the north side of Luxor city, Karnak is the largest religious building that was ever made in the world with its area of 200 acres. Karnak was built around 2000 years ago. Take the tour inside Karnak and let yourself discover the great energy of Theban triad.
Visiting complex which contains many ancient temples, chapels, pylons, and other buildings. It called Karnak Open Air Museum
The god of Theban triad consists of Amun, Mut, and Montu. Inside the complex of Karnak Open Air Museum, The Precinct of Amun-Ra is the main temple. The temple is dedicated to the principal god, Amun. With the area of 250.000m2, this big temple will amaze your eyes with its big and splendid architecture. Even though some parts of the temple are closed because of restoration, you still can see the beauty of this sacred temple of Thebes. Take the tour inside Karnak Open Air Museum and start your journey here!
The tour inside the Precinct of Amun-Ra will bring you to this temple. Inside The Precinct of Amun-Ra, there is one iconic temple called Temple of Ptah. Temple of Ptah is a shrine located on the north side of Precinct of Amun-Ra, near the boundary wall. Temple of Ptah was built by Pharaoh Thutmose III. The temple was built dedicated to the Egyptian god Ptah, his wife Sekhmet, and his son Nefertum
When you are visiting Karnak Open Air Museum, you will see many big round pillars. All these pillars is The Great Hypostyle Hall. This pillars were built around the 19th Egyptian Dynasty or 1290-1224 BC. The Great Hypostyle Hall was built at the north-west chapel to the Precinct of Amun-Ra. On the upper part of The Great Hypostyle Hall, there used to be a roof that has fallen. This roof was supported by 134 columns in 16 rows and the 2 middle rows are higher than the others. Without no doubt, take the tour to these great pillars and let your eyes got amazed with its size.
Inside Karnak Open Air Museum, there is also a lake called the Sacred Lake. This lake was built by Tuthmosis III in 1473-1258 BC. This lake is sacred because it used to be a lake for the ritual. This lake was also home for the sacred geese of Amun. Nowadays, geese are also the other symbol of Amun-Ra. The lake is surrounded by the rooms for the priests. Take the tour near the lake and let yourself feel the fresh air around the lake.
After Amun-Ra, the second god of Thebes is Mut. The goddess Mut is the wife of Amun-Ra. She was the mother of Khonsu. Together with Amun-Ra and Khonsu, they created the Theban triad. The Precinct of Mut is located in the east bank of the Nile, in the southern part of Karnak. With its area around 90.000 m2, The Precinct of Mut contains of six temples which are: The Mut Temple, The Contra Temple, and Temples A, B, C, and D. The Precinct of Mut is famous for its Sekhmet statues. Sekhmet is the lion-headed goddess of Thebes. Nowadays, the Precinct of Mut is temporary closed because of restoration.
Even though its name was first, this pylon was built the last in Karnak. The First Pylon was built by Nectanebo I around 380-362 BC. There are two main towers of The First Pylon. The north tower is about 21.7 m and the south tower is about 31.65 m. All these towers are still remaining unfinished until now. The First Pylon is now the main entrance to the temples inside Karnak Open Air Museum. Begin your tour here get yourself prepared for other amazing sites inside Karnak.
How to Get Tickets?
If you are interested to get some tour in Karnak Open Air Museum, you need to buy the tickets directly at the ticket booth there. Although the temples inside Karnak are located in the same complex, somehow on several areas you need to buy separate tickets. The separate tickets are cost 25 pound. Make sure that you check the information on this site for the tickets.
How To Get Around?
To get around Karnak Open Air Museum, it is recommended to go by foot. Since this place is very big, make sure that you wear something comfortable for your feet because you are going to spend your time walking here.
What Should I Wear?
Since the weather in Egypt can get very hot, make sure that you wear something comfortable such as t-shirts and shorts. You need to also wear something to cover your face from the heat such as caps or sunglasses. Also, make sure that you applied sunscreen before going Karnak to avoid your skin getting burned.
Best Time to Visit
If you are planning to take a tour in Karnak Open Air Museum or other places in Luxor, it is best to visit those sites in between March to April and in between October to November because you will get less crowds, cheaper hotel rates, and the most important is more tolerable temperatures.
Will I Need a Guide?
No, transportation is easy and you can find anything for your tour on this site. Even though you cannot speak Arab languages there, the citizens of Luxor will gladly help you whenever you get lost.
How To Get There?
To get to Karnak Open Air Museum, it is recommended to go by car. It will take around fifteen minutes of driving from the center of Luxor city.
If you are planning to travel in Luxor and wanted to go by taxi, it would be best if you asked you hotel receptionist or the concierge to get you one since they know the taxis there very well. Also, Egypt is a Muslim country. Make sure to respect their norm by not doing something like kissing or PDA, and wearing something that is revealing.