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Kaymaklı Underground City is located on Ihlara valley roadway, 20 km far from Nevsehir, in Cappadocia city. It is an ancient city established thousands of years ago by ancient Greeks, via digging the volcanic rocks in the sake of protection and safety. A major tourist attraction since 1964, Kaymakli was built under a hill known as Citadel of Kaymakli and has eight floors under the earth, and can accommodate 3500 persons at a time. As per authorities, there are around 100 underground villages in Cappadocia region. Among which, Kaymakli is the biggest. Tourists are allowed to visit only four levels which include stables, Underground Community Church, Community kitchen areas, living areas. Kaymakli localities still use this city for their personal use. Even though this city is eight floors deeper, its creators have taken good care of ventilation. It is the main reason why Cappadocia is listed as UNESCO's World Heritage Site.
Kaymakli-The Mysterious Underground City
Another underground city in Cappadocia, The Derinkuyu, is somewhat similar to the Kaymakli but what makes it different is its depth, it is near around 60 meters down with capacity to house 20,000 people at once. Yes, people lived there too along with amenities like oil and wine presses, cellars, rooms, refectories, storage rooms, and chapels.
Like all other dams, Damsa Dam takes care of the needs of Turkish people, for tourists, it is a scenic view, and one would love to spend some time over here. The Turkish State Hydraulic Works backed the dam.
Ballooning over the ancient city of Nevsehir and Cappadocia is a thrilling as well as a lifetime experience. Every tourist would love to float high amongst the scenic views and soar over the Cappadocian landscape. There are many tourist agencies which provide balloon rides. The rides are fully safe and insured. Prices may vary from 160 Euros to 250 Euros.
With its sharply shaped rock cliffs speckled with cave dwellings, roaming through Zelve Open-Air Museum gives a fantastic experience of the old Cappadocia. Among all scenic views, few interesting chapels to see are - a picturesque rock-cut mosque and the Üzümlü Kilise (Grape Church) being the most intact.
How to Get Tickets?
There is a decent ticket counter at the entrance of the underground city.
How To Get Around?
Once you reach the village of Kaymakli, the only way to get around and explore the city is by walking. Take care of your head as the passages and path under there are very steep and narrow.
What Should I Wear?
The best option is to wear comfortable clothes, like tees, shorts, joggers. Taking into consideration that you may have to bend low to cross narrow passages. Most importantly, choose soft and comfortable shoes for example sports shoes.
Best Time to Visit
Best time to visit Kaymaklı Underground City is the end of April to June and in September and October. These are the most tourist-friendly months as per the localities and tourist guides.
Will I Need a Guide?
There is no such need to hire a guide to explore Cappadocia; however one feature where a good professional, knowledgeable guide can help is the underground cities.
How To Get There?
The best possible and recommended way is getting public transport, most likely a bus from Goreme to Nevsehir and then from Nevsehir to Kaymaklı Underground City. This entire journey will take around an hour. But is the most economical way as it will cost you only around 4-5 Turkish Lira, else you can take cabs or taxis from nearby cities. The best option is to travel to Nevsehir or Goreme.
This will cost you 15 Turkish Lira for one visitor, they do not entertain any student discount.