Perge or Perga is the remaining of an ancient city namely Pamphylia that was located between the rivers of Catarrhactes and Cestrus. Pamphylia City itself was established around 1500 BC. Then, it was also the witness of many big events throughout the history including the invasion by Alexander the Great. Now, this place is only the debris of stones. But by seeing how large it is, it can be concluded that the city was once very big and glorious in the past.
Tracing the Glory of Pamphylian City through Perge
1. The History of Perge
In the 12th century BC, there was a big migration wave from Greece to the North Anatolia. North Anatolia is now known as Turkey. It was also believed that the migration was done by the Hellenes with a route from North Anatolia to the area of Mediterranean coastline. Not all people were able to reach the Mediterranean area anyway. Some of them then stayed in an area, later, known as the Pamphylia. The number of people stayed was more and more. The location which was previously quite, it was quite crowded some hundred years later. There were even four other cities established around; they were Perga, Sillyon, Aspendos, and Side. After the people of Pamphylia were in peace in some centuries, the attacks come from other countries around. There were including the invasions from Achaemenid of Persia (546 BC), Alexander the Great (262-290 BC), and the Rome government (188 BC). Although Perge had been an area that was fought for in centuries, this name was never mentioned in the history until 4 BC, or during the Hellenistic era. In this era, Perge found its freedom in arts and publications.
2. The Touch of Byzantine and Christian Periods
Not only is Perge about the Greek and Roman, the wreckage of some buildings also showing that this area was, in a particular time, conquered by Byzantium and the Christians. The studies regarding this matter are indeed really few but the pieces of the evidence are strong enough. The influence of Byzantium was seen from the two basilicas built up inside the city wall. Paulus, one of the Jesus' apostles was believed to pass Perge in his journey to spread his teaching. Undeniably, this new religion had been spreading so fast in Perge. It assimilated to the previous teaching, the Artemis culture. Even the name of Antalya is predicted to be merged from a Christian word, Attalia, with some other local words.
3. The Archeological Sites
Being under some big rulers in the century, it is reasonable if the remaining of Perge itself is the masterpiece. The Ancient perge was the main site of Pamphylia with the wreckage of some buildings including the theatre, palaestra, Artemis temple, caldarium, Nymphaeum, Hellenistic city gates, and two other buildings believed as the remaining of the churches. Particularly for the theatre, it was initially designed in the Hellenistic style along with its shoe horse orchestra. But then, the style was modified into Roman, seen from the design of the stage. The theatre was with capacity of 14,000 people. There are many reliefs engraved around the stage telling stories about the life of Dionysus and Cestrus, the Gods or the river.
How to Get Tickets?
The Perge tour is actually preceded or followed by the visits to any other areas in Antalya. For the entire visits, there are around $100 you need to prepare. This way, the entrance can be more affordable. But if you only want to enter Perge, the ticket cost is 25 TL.
How To Get Around?
Perge is basically a large field with the ancient building debris. There is no certain rule or order from where your Perge's visitation should start. You can go anywhere you want to see what has happened in this area in the past.
What Should I Wear?
Since it is an outdoor vacation, it seems that the casual outfit is the best dress code. Well, there is actually also no rule on what you should wear and should not wear when visiting Perge. But it seems better to choose a kind of clothes that are not too open when having vacations in such cultural and religious places like Perge.
Best Time to Visit
The summer starting from April to October is considered the best time to visit Perge and other tourism objects in Antalya. Well, it is so that you should not afraid of the heavy rain or the extreme temperature.
Will I Need a Guide?
If you want to know and learn more about Perge and its history, a tour guide is definitely needed. It is basically really important to know the function and the history of each building established in the Perge. Well, the students really need to go here and take notes. But if your main intention is just to take pictures, it is okay without any tour guide.
How To Get There?
Perge is around 18 km from Antalya and it is nearer to a settlement of Aksu for around 2 km. There are now many kinds of public transportations to bring you to this site. The trip from Antalya may take around an hour. It can be less than that if you drive your own car.
In the Perge ancient city tour, you may have spent so much time since the area is very large. However, it is surely not bad to visit any other attractions in Antalya including Duden Waterfall, Aspendos, Hadrian's Gate, Antalya Museum, Konyaalti Beach, and still many more.