Taj Mahal Agra
Taj Mahal: The Symbol of Eternal Love
1. The Tomb
It is the main attraction of the place and the centerpiece of the entire premise of the Taj Mahal. The dome is a white structure made of marble and it stands on a plinth that is square in shape. It consists of a building, symmetrical with the door which is in the shape of the arch and is topped by a finial and a huge dome. The basic elements of the dome are Persian originally, similar to all the other Mughal Tombs. The base of the huge dome is a room with multiple chambers in the shape of a cube and chamfered corners forming an eight-sided unequal structure with a height of 180 feet on the four long sides. A vaulted archway or a large pishtaq frames all the sides of iwan with two arch-shaped balconies which are stacked at each side. The same motif of the pishtaqs that are stacked has been imprinted on the chamfered corner areas which make the design symmetrical completely from all the sides. Four minarets make a boundary around the tomb with one on every corner of the plinth and face the chamfered corners. The untrue sarcophagi of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal are housed in the main chamber while the real graves rest at a level below.
2. The Exterior Architecture
The exteriors of the monument are one of the finest architectures of the Mughal period. The decorations are proportionally refined with the changing surface area. The elements of decoration were created with stucco, carvings, paint application and stone inlays. The Great Gate has a calligraphic element to it which was written by Abdul Haq in 1609 and is read as 'O Soul, thou art at rest. Return to the Lord at peace with Him and He at peace with you'. The calligraphy found on the other parts of the exteriors is highly delicate and detailed. The marble was polished extensively to make it look exquisite and highlighted.
3. The Garden
The garden is a set of four quarters with 16 flower beds and sunken parterres. The set is spread over an area of almost 980 feet square called as the Mughal Garden or locally known as the Charbagh. There is also a raised water tank made up of marble with a pool that reflects the image of the monument in the water. It is known as al Hawd al-Kawthar with reference to the meaning as the 'Tank of Abundance'. The garden has been laid out with a number of trees with labels on them containing their common names as well as scientific names.
4. The Interior Decoration
The inlaid work is done with precious and semiprecious gemstones. The decoration is far beyond the traditional elements. The walls on the inside are 82 feet high and have a false dome with a motif of the sun on its top. The pishtaqs at the ground level define the space with the exterior whereas the pishtaqs at the lower side are crowned by other pishtaqs in the middle of the wall.
5. Outlying Buildings
The monument has been surrounded by red sandstone walls with one side open facing the river. On the outside of the walls, there are many more mausoleums including that of the other wives of Shah Jahan and also a tomb for the favorite servant of Mumtaz Mahal. The walls and the vaulted ceilings have designs that are geometrical in shape.
How to Get Tickets?
Tickets to Agra can be booked easily from this website online and the payments can also be made securely. Also, the tickets for entering the monument can be availed outside the Taj Mahal and is very low priced which is easily affordable.
How To Get Around?
The vehicles giving out smoke are not allowed near or inside the premises of the monument complex. A taxi or a three-wheeler can be taken to the hotel. The premises can, however, be roamed around on foot or through an electric bus only.
What Should I Wear?
Wear something Indo-Western like a long A-line flowing gown with flat heels. Boys can go for a kurta and jeans look as well with loafers or flat boots.
Best Time to Visit
Winters are the best time to visit the Taj Mahal. The heat is minimal. Months from October to December are good to go.
Will I Need a Guide?
The website will guide you properly. A guide is not needed.
How To Get There?
You can go there via bus or taxi. Three-wheelers are also easily approachable. Inside the complex, the smoke-giving vehicles are not allowed.
The use of cameras and mobile phones is prohibited in some parts of the premise. Take proper precautions accordingly.