Tugu Pahlawan Monument is undoubtly Surabaya's most renowned landmark. The 41.15 meters tall phallus-shaped monument was erected in November 1951 and officially inaugurated by the first President of Indonesia Mr. Soekarno in the following year. The monument was constructed as a homage to the fallen Surabaya civillians who died fighting second Dutch invasion in the city at November 10th 1945. Nearby the historical monument, you can see several other attractions that ties to the 10th November battle such as the Statue of Bung Tomo and 10 November Museum.
Interesting Facts to Know About Tugu Pahlawan Monument
Tugu Pahlawan Monument's Symbolism
Tugu Pahlawan Monument is not your average monument, it is filled with symbolism. Look closer and you'll notice that the monument consist of 10 canatules, with each of them are divided into 11 segments. All of them are actually signifying at 10 November 1945, the day when the Battle of Surabaya started. You can see now how Surabaya people consider it as a very important date. 10th November is also celebrated as Heroes Day in all parts of the country. A ceremony to commemorate the big and historical day is taken place in Tugu Pahlawan Monument.
What Tugu Pahlawan Monument Used to Be
This one is an interesting fact not all people know. The site of Tugu Pahlawan Monument was used to be a courthouse built by colonials called Raad van Justitie. Many Surabaya heroes were facing trials there for their resistance against Colonial governments. During Japanese army occupation in Indonesia, the building later was used as a Kenpeitai building by Japanese army that function as a place to punish criminals including Indonesian heroes who fought back for freedom. The courthouse was later destroyed in 10 November 1945 by the Allies.
There's One Unwritten Rule You Should Obey
While acting respectful during your visit is Tugu Pahlawan Monument is considered as an unwritten rule one with common sense should obey, there's another rule that is not written and even some locals are not aware of. Unmarried couples shouldn't enter the Monument complex during closing hours. You will have to send a notification to the Monument's authority to gain permit to the Monument. You should have clear objectives on why you need to enter the area.
The Reminiscence of Three Surabaya's Greatest Heroes
Near the entrance to the Tugu Pahlawan Monument, you'll stumble upon the statues of three most renowned Surabaya heroes. The most noticeable one is Bung Tomo statue followed by Suryo Governor, and Doel Arnowo. Bung Tomo was famously known as a great orator, his speeches manage to fuel the fighting spirit of Surabaya heroes to fight the colonials. Suryo Governor, or also known as Gubernur Suryo was the first East Java governor that was killed by an unknown killer, but thoroughout his life he was known as a great war commander that fought with his people against British army led by Mallaby. While Doel Arnowo wasn't directly involved with the fight against colonials, he was the one who propose the idea to establish Tugu Pahlawan Monument to the first President.
The Collection of British Weaponry Are Kept Here
While you're exploring Tugu Pahlawan Monument area, you'll notice several weaponry are put on display in several corner of the complex. The weaponry are the same weapons seized by Surabaya heroes from British army during the battle in 10th November. Also, you will get to see Germany-manufactured car belonged to Bung Tomo located on the same complex.
The Unsung Heroes Graveyard
Millions have died due to the Surabaya Battle, and it is only obvious that many of them weren't able to be identified. The graveyard was a final resting place to million unknown heroes who have died during the battle. The unknown Heroes graveyard is located right behind the Tugu Pahlawan Monument.
How to Get Tickets?
You don't need to pay admission fee to enter Tugu Pahlawan Monument complex. However, you do have to pay about Rp 5.000,- or $33 USD to enter the 10th November Museum.
How To Get Around?
Tugu Pahlawan Monument is not that extensive, you can easily go around the complex on foot. Be sure to wear the most comfortable pair of walking shoes. Your feet will thank you later.
Best Time to Visit
The best time to visit Tugu Pahlawan Monument is early in the morning before 12:00 PM. The weather will be cooler and you'll get plenty of time exploring the entire complex.
How To Get There?
Tugu Pahlawan Monument can be easily reached by taking public transportation, such as Taxi or Grab Car if you're looking for the most convenient but with more affordable price than the former.
Be sure to not miss visiting the 10th November Museum. The museum is located 7 meters below the Tugu Pahlawan monument. The museum boast artifacts, documents, and photos depicting the 10th November Battle and the spirits of Surabaya heroes. You can even see the old radio belonged to Bung Tomo that broadcasted his passionate speech that also ignite the fighting spirit of the heroes at that time.