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Citadel of Qaitbay is a beautiful fortress located on the Mediterranean coast in Alexandria. The 15th Century Citadel was established by Sultan Al-Ashraf Sayf al-Din Qa'it Bay to defend the city from Ottoman attack. Lying on the same spot where once the Lighthouse of Pharos (one of the seven wonders of the ancient world) stood, it is believed that some rocks of the fortress have been salvaged from the majestic tower. At present the citadel houses a small naval museum.
Montaza Palace comprises of a palace, a museum and extensive gardens. Overlooking a beach on the Mediterranean Sea coast, Montaza Palace served to be a summertime lodge of the royals. On the grounds of Salamlek palace a royal hunting lodge of the last ruler of Mohammad Ali Dynasty were added Al-Haramlik Palace and an expansive garden in 1932. While Salamlek palace is now an official residence of the President, Al-Haramlik Palace has been converted into a museum depicting the history of Mohammad Ali Dynasty. The royal gardens are also open for public access.
Abu al-Abbas al-Mursi Mosque is a large Egyptian mosque built on the tomb of 13th century saint Abul Abbas al-Mursi. Located near to the Citadel of Qaitbay, the mosque has been rebuilt many a times. The present structure that you see was designed by Mario Rossi and Eugenio Valzania. Inspired by Old Cairo buildings, the mosque has a fascinating architecture and its interiors are beautifully adorned with Islamic mosaic and woodwork.
Built in the year 1930 to preserve the sea creatures, Alexandria aquarium is a small museum with a beautiful collection of marine species from the Mediterranean and the Red sea along with freshwater species of the Nile and Amazon. The interactive museum also houses a library, some laboratories and a museum that contains the preserved sea animals from the Amazon, the Red sea and the Mediterranean Sea.
Roman Auditorium and Bathhouse is a prominent attraction of the city owing to its deep roots in the history. The large space now in ruins once had a Roman Amphitheatre that was used during three different periods, Roman, Byzantine and the early Islamic era. The open-air theatre is believed to host numerous musical shows and performances.
Alexandria National Museum was inaugurated on 31st December 2003 in an Italian Mansion. The beautiful museum has a wide array of exhibits that throw light on the history of Alexandria and Egypt. Its collections can be divided into three broad divisions of Coptic, Egyptian and Muslim World. there is also a wide collection of artefacts from Hellenistic period.
Alexandria is the second largest city of Egypt and an important economic centre of the country. Founded by Alexander the Great, the city facing the Mediterranean, for long remained the capital of Egypt until 641 AD when Egypt was taken over by Arabs. Once counted among the greatest cities of the world, Alexandria is now a popular tourist destination for its numerous attractions depicting its rich heritage. Surrounded by beautiful beaches and comprising fascinating museums, the place is great to spend some time in leisure and relive some momentous times.
How to Get Tickets?
You can purchase the tickets to all the major attractions of the city online as well as offline. Purchasing tickets offline at ticket counters can be time consuming, hence buy the tickets online from this site.
How To Get Around?
Alexandria is easy to navigate and explore due to its extensive transportation network. The public buses called microbuses can take you anywhere in the city. Trams are another option providing cheaper mode of transportation. If you do not wish to take public transportation, then you can hire a car. Taxis are also great for exploring the city. Fast Taxis are more reliable but expensive than the regular taxis running on the road.
What Should I Wear?
During your visit to Alexandria it would be best to dress like the locals and not wear something that offends their sentiments or invites unwanted attention. While roaming in the city, dress appropriately. Men can wear shorts, but women should wear clothing that covers their shoulders and knees. Special care should be taken while visiting religious sites. Clothes that are not too tight fit the dress code and the humid weather of Alexandria.
Best Time to Visit
Alexandria experiences Mediterranean climate with warm and humid summers and cold and wet winters. Spring (March to May) and Autumn (September to November) are great for a holiday in the city as these have pleasant weather conditions and see lesser crowds. Summer though humid is the peak tourist season with crowds swarming in the city.
Will I Need a Guide?
For first-time visitors the city can be difficult to explore, hence it would be best to gather all the information about the place previously and plan your complete trip in advance or if you wish you can take guided city tour.
How To Get There?
One can reach Alexandria easily by bus, train and flight. Borg el Arab Airport is the main airport of the city connecting it to some international cities. There are also buses running from Alexandria to neighbouring cities providing convenient and comfortable transportation. Numerous trains running from Cairo also pass through Alexandria. Due to a great road network, cars can also be taken to the city.
Pickpocketing in crowded areas is as common in Alexandria as in Western cities. Hence keep your valuables secure.