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It is the first Tower built in San Marino and dates back to the XI century. Subsequently enlarged and remodeled, it achieved utmost splendor in the XV century during the war San Marino fought against the Malatesta Family from Rimini thanks to the support of the dukes of Urbino and the Papal States (1463). Officially chosen as the seat of the Guardia di Rocca in 1754, it had previously been used as a prison up to 1975. It is a must thing to do at San Marino.
Next thing to do at San Marino is to visit the museum. Opened to the public in 1899, the National Museum was situated in Palazzo Valloni but, as of March 18, 2001, it was reopened to the public after moving to another antique building in the historical city center, Palazzo Pergami Belluzzi. Today, the Museum has a collection of almost five thousand pieces, many of which are native to the Country and its history.
Basilica di San Marino was designed and built, starting in 1826, by Antonio Serra, an architect from Bologna, on the grounds of the ancient Church of the 5th century, which was demolished to make place for the new Basilica. The Basilica, consecrated in 1855, has a neo-classic style with a portico of Corinthian columns. The massive bell tower, originally in Romanic style, was rebuilt in the 1600's.
Here you can find the period of Italian Resurgence (Risorgimento), represented by Giuseppe Garibaldi and King Vittorio Emanuele. But there are also persons famous for taking part in “key” episodes in the history of San Marino; such as Antonio Onofri who “negotiated” with Napoleon and St. Marino, depicted in his first refuge hollowed in the rock.
With castle-like walls, towers, and gates growing out of the large grassy mound, Mount Titan represents a protected World Heritage Site. Three ancient towers--Guaita, Cesta, and Montale--sit atop the three mountain peaks and have become a symbol of the city-state. The mountain provides the backdrop for the small country and is home to many architecturally and culturally important areas, such as the Palazzo Pubblico, the Basilica del Santo Marino, and Teatro Titano Theatre.
The Palazzo Pubblico rises on the so-called “Pianello”; namely, Piazza della Libertà. It stands in the same place as the Domus Comunis Magna, built most likely between 1380 and 1392 and restored many times thereafter. During the second half of the 1800's, the appearance of the Palazzo Vecchio (Old Palace) was one of a building of the 1600's. On May 17, 1884, the laying of the cornerstone of today's palace took place. The design was that of the Roman architect Francesco Azzurri, President of the Academy of St. Luca in Rome; the work was carried out by local stone-cutters directed by the San Marino master mason, Giuseppe Reffi, utilizing stone extracted from the caves in Mount Titano.
San Marino, locally known as Città, is the capital city of the Republic of San Marino, Southern Europe. The city has a population of 4,044. It is on the western slopes of San Marino's highest point, Monte Titano.
How to Get Tickets?
Most tickets can be purchased on site, you can ask for your free of charge TuttoSanMarino Card at your hotel. Some attractions have their ticket office on site, you should buy your tickets there before going in. You should check online if the place you're going to sells tickets online to skip the line.
How To Get Around?
There's no internal rail system and local bus services are limited. Once you're inside the walled city, it's small enough to simply walk around. There are only a few streets on which cars are able to drive (and only if they are small cars). Cars are banned in the historic center of the capital.
What Should I Wear?
There is no dress code in San Marino. You can dress however you like but make sure you dress comfortably. Leave your high heels at home, you will walk most of the time here so wear your comfortable shoes.
Best Time to Visit
San Marino has a Mediterranean climate with warm summers moderated by sea breezes. However, in summer the streets are clogged with visitors, especially on the weekends. In winter, the republic's high altitude (it is built on the Apennine range) ensures it sees a sprinkling of snow.
Will I Need a Guide?
No, the city is small and is easy to get around. You can also find everything you need on this website.
How To Get There?
A bus runs from Rimini to San Marino daily at regular intervals, with stops along the way in Dogana, Serravalle, Domagnano, and Borgo Maggiore. If you drive, you should have no problems driving into San Marino. Border controls do not exist. San Marino has neither railway stations nor airport. The nearest major railway station and airport are at Rimini.